Journal of Futures Studies

Human:Machine, Ape or Dolphin?

by Gary P. Hampson

ABSTRACT

“Deep” metaphors can be seen to underlie “surface” reality. By becoming conscious of these, we are in a better position to see what possible futures they point to. We are also able to choose alternative metaphors that align more readily with our preferred futures. “Human as machine” and “human as ape” are metaphors that can be seen to uphold the dominant Western worldview. It is proposed here that through embracing a different metaphor – “human as dolphin” – a culturally transformative process would be facilitated.

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Journal of Futures Studies

Tamkang University, Tamsui Campus
Taipei, Taiwan 251
Tel: 886 2-2621-5656 ext. 3001
Fax: 886 2-2629-6440

ISSN 1027-6084