by Barbara M. Bok
Participative modelling and simulation activities have demonstrated that social innovation is achievable for present-day problems. Such activities enable our intentional exploration of future social configurations and their consequences and thus constitute a shared space for pre-experiencing and researching arrangements before they come into being. A form of “experiential foresight” involving combinations of social and nonsocial models is achieved by changing the roles and responsibilities of simulators/modellers and participants/ customers in the simulation process supported by suitable technologies. Provides an alternative interpretation of often one-sided positivist perspectives of simulation theory and application, emphasising the emergence of reflexive social innovation in complex worlds.