A Layered Approach to Horizon Scanning: Identifying Future Issues in Military and Veterans’ Health

by Jane Palmer & Niki Ellis


The Centre for Military and Veterans Health, Australia undertook a horizon scanning process to identify issues in military and veterans’ health services delivery for a series of future scenario workshops. Existing writings on global trends, health, military and veterans issues were tabulated using three levels of Causal Layered Analysis (litany, system, worldview) (Inayatullah, 2007) in combination with the Push (trends)-Pull (preferred futures)-Weight (history) triangle (Inayatullah, 2007). Contradictions and synergies identified by scanning factors within and between levels produced a set of plausible future issues. Tagging all factors enabled a quick-scan process across all levels to revise or confirm each issue description.

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