by Colin Russo
The four initiatives being studied in this article are large and influential City Futures initiatives
and involve some of the largest community engagements the cities have ever conducted. Several city
visioning initiatives conducted in South East Queensland (SEQ) have been written about in various
reports but this is the first time detailed comparative analysis of methods and outcomes of the four
major SEQ Cities has been conducted. This article applies Causal Layered Analysis (CLA) to help
identify critical factors of four major City Futures initiatives in SEQ. The Cities are Maroochy, Logan,
Gold Coast and Brisbane.