Neo-Growth in Future Post-Carbon Cities

by Sirkka Heinonen


Ancient Greece had city-states – in 100 years we will have city-worlds. The global challenge of  urbanisation has been acerbated due to megatrends such as climate change, demographic change  (i.e. ageing of the population in industrialised countries, and increasing populations in developing  countries and new economies) globalisation and financial crises. The rise of megacities will speed  up urbanisation. The concepts and structures of new cities and the urban sprawl of existing cities has  been directly linked to energy, water, food, health and security issues. The consumption of fossil fuels  in construction, housing, transport and industry should be minimised and replaced with renewable  forms of energy. Future cities will also create a built environment that is based on a different logic than  today. Humans started to construct cities thousands of years ago, as shelter for survival and as centres  of housing, trading and recreation. In the future, cities will themselves be like organisms; sensitive and  responsive to interaction, self-constructing “cyburgs”. They are foreseen to emerge as self-sufficient  isles for energy, food, and comfort in the urban archipelago.

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