Alternative Futures for Panama's Systematic Development

by Jose Polo


This paper is based on research which aims to influence governmental policy, corporate and civil society leaders in Panama to explore alternative futures using a futures thinking approach to challenge the current economic development paradigm and move towards a systematic development model (economic, human and sustainable development). Causal Layered Analysis (CLA) and scenarios are the futures studies methodologies applied here for creating alternative futures. The research results demonstrate that a complete systematic development model with renewed cultural moral values could achieve systematic development in a long-term process. Finally, this research advises of the need for further research. Academics and professionals using the futures studies approach need to take action and initiatives in the real world with concrete results, so people can believe in the effectiveness of this discipline for today’s society.

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