by Fatemeh Saghafi, Alireza Aliahmadi, Seyyed Sepehr Ghazy Noori & Mansoureh Hourali
Backcasting approach is implemented through imagination and analysis of sustainable futures, and subsequently developing strategies for participation in competitive markets. It is a novel approach which is employed by only a few countries. Diversity of trends and lack of a reference model on the one hand, and its application for solving complex problems on the other hand, were the motivation to conduct the present study. In this study, 11 frameworks and some experiences of it’s application have been reviewed and the reference model was proposed through a meta-synthesis method. The results led to a two-dimensional model and indicated that backcasting approach can be followed in 6 stages and 4 scientific dimensions for achieving a sustainable development.